Roman Empire

Average pay for Roman Legionnaire

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Another indication of average pay for Roman foot soldiers can be found in Wikipedia’s article Imperial Roman Army. This pay rate applied during the reigns of Emperors Augustus and Vespasian, which means until about 81 A.D. After that point, debasement of the currency led to inflation and rising pay for soldiers. More on that later. […]

Viking Era

More data points on payments to Vikings

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For some specific data points on hostage payments, tributes, and bribes paid to the Vikings, check out Janet Nelson’s chapter 2, The Frankish Empire of The Oxford Illustrated History of the Vikings, edited by Peter Sawyer. On page 37, she lists some specific tributes and ransoms paid out of the Frankish Empire during the 9th […]

Viking Era

What is the market value of sheep?

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What is the going price for sheep? We can use that information to develop some very rough approximations of prices during the Viking age. My conclusion at the end of this post: $150 – looks to be about the best estimate for a productive ewe $200 – price for a productive ewe, rounded off to […]